Anticipating Formation Trends of Binary and Multiple Asteroids in the Main Asteroid Belt Due to Electric Discharge Effects by Using the relation of the Sun’s Activity and Binary Asteroids Aggregation Statistics
Mohammad Reza Shafizadeh, Mohammad Reza Shahjahan, Saba Hafizi
Abstract: Asteroids are classified as tiny and light objects in the solar system, however some of them possess orbiting moons. According to surveys, 15% of near-earth asteroids have moons. The Electrical Discharge effect provides a new model that describes the formation of single, binary, and triple asteroids influenced by solar magnetic activity. In further studies, collected data was drawn from the aggregation diagram of asteroids based on their average distance from the sun according to various databases, catalogs and spacecraft. The results show that, in areas where solar magnetic activity is high, the binary asteroids are more aggregated. Then, according to results searching catalogs asteroids for shape, spin, and type of orbit, this paper introduces a list of asteroids which, may be transformed from single asteroids to binary (and possibly multiple asteroids) depending on a future increase of solar magnetic activity.